Stem Cells SCs, Types and Sources

What are the Stem Cells (SCs)

Stem Cells are the body’s raw materials, they have the ability to divide and differentiate into various types of specialized cells. They are the building blocks that all cell specialization branches out from. They are the source of new cells, dividing into the same cell type or different cell types, creating the basis for tissues and organs regeneration and repair. They are an exciting and rapidly progressing field in regenerative medicine and are currently used to help heal many chronic disorders.

Storing stem cells can be thought of as being similar to purchasing life insurance or biological insurance, as they are today’s solution to tomorrow’s health challenges.

The future for stem cells is bright. Hundreds of research projects are currently underway to see the effects of stem cells on currently untreatable diseases, with more being funded every day.

    Types of Stem Cells

    Adult SCs

    Also called somatic SC, they can be extracted from any person at any age. They can be found in specific areas of all tissues of the body, staying dormant for long periods until they are activated either to complete their cell cycle, or to repair a damaged tissue.

    Available at Telomerix Biobank.

    Embryonic SCs

    These cells hold a very high differentiation capacity so they can be transformed into any type of cells, they develop into all the tissues and organs of the fetus. They are found in embryos before they attach to the uterine lining (blastocyst stage embryos).

    Perinatal SCs

    These SCs can be obtained from tissues that are normally discarded after the birth of a baby such as: placenta, umbilical cord tissue and blood, amniotic membranes, and amniotic fluid.

    Available at Telomerix Biobank.

    Types of SC’s most used in Clinical practice

    Hematopoietic HSCs

    The HSCs are perinatal, multipotent stem cells that give rise to other blood cells (Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets). They are extracted from the umbilical cord blood after delivery of the baby vaginally or by C-section.

    Available at Telomerix

    Mesenchymal SCs

    MSCs are adult, multipotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells), myocytes (muscle cells) and adipocytes (fat cells).They can be isolated and extracted from multiple tissues including umbilical cord tissue, adipose tissue, dental pulp, placental membranes, menstrual blood, etc .

    Available at Telomerix

    Stem Cell Sources

    Umbilical Cord Blood

    This is the blood that remains inside the umbilical cord and the fetal placenta after delivery. It has a rich composition of Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC), which are specifically designated for blood formation. HSCs are currently used to treat more than 80 diseases.

    Available at Telomerix.

    Adipose (Fat) Tissue

    Adipose tissue is on the cutting edge of Mesenchymal Stem Cells MSC development. It has already been linked to the successful treatment of more than 200 patients and has been proven viable after more than 3 years of frozen storage.

    Available at Telomerix.

    Umbilical Cord Tissue

    The stem cells within the umbilical cord itself are called Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC). These stem cells are able to grow into a wide variety of tissues and are the subject of the most promising research regarding hearing loss, Alzheimer’s, spinal cord injuries, and more. It is important to bank these types of stem cells today in order to receive the benefits of their future research.

    Available at Telomerix.

    Other Sources

    • Dental pulp stem cells
    • Placental tissue
    • Placental membranes
    • Amniotic fluid
    • Menstrual Blood

    Today is your chance to protect your baby's future!